What Causes Uneven Skin Tone and How to Treat It

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uneven skin how to repair

Having a perfectly even skin tone is not really possible. No matter what products you use or any treatments you undergo, you will still have some rosiness and shading in some parts of your body and face.

You might think that having an uneven skin tone is a bad thing. However, that is not always the case. In fact, having a bit of unevenness on your skin tone gives your complexion some dimension. With a little uneven skin tone on your body and face, you do not end up looking like a lifeless mannequin or a two-dimensional drawing.

This makes skin tone unevenness acceptable to some degree. However, you should be concerned when it manifests itself as irregular darkening of the skin or sudden changes in your skin texture. Here are some signs you should look out for:

  • Acne: This is a condition that occurs when your pores get clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Left untreated, this can develop into blackheads and whiteheads, which in turn can cause pimples.
  • Sunspot: A sunspot is a small, flat, dark spot that appears in various areas of a person’s body. It mostly develops in places that are often exposed to the sun, thus its name.
  • Melasma: Melasma refers to the condition that causes patches of discoloration on a person’s skin, primarily their face. The patches and freckle-like spots are often darker than an individual’s skin color and may take on a brown or blue-gray color.
  • Dark Circles: Dark circles appear under a person’s eyes and may either be purple, blue, dark brown, or black (depending on the individual’s skin color). Most of the time, they are accompanied by under-eye bags.
  • Post-Inflammatory Erythema (PIE): This refers to the red, pink, or purple patches that are left behind after acne breakouts, injury, or irritation.
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH): PIH is similar to PIE in that it appears after the skin has sustained damage or irritation. The only difference is that PIH causes brown, gray, or dark spots on a person’s skin.
  • Rosacea: Rosacea is a condition that causes redness on a person’s face. It also makes the blood vessels on the face much more visible than usual. At times, this condition can also cause small, pimple-like bumps.

What Causes Uneven Skin Tone?

Uneven skin tone can be caused by a variety of factors. There are some external and internal reasons that may result in uneven skin tone on the body and face.

External Causes

Sometimes, what you do in your daily life and the activities you take part in have negative effects on your skin. Here are some external factors that can cause you to have uneven skin tone:

Sun Exposure

Your skin gets damaged when you are constantly subjected to the sun’s UV light. When your skin is exposed to sunlight, it responds by activating your melanocyte cells. As a result, your skin becomes tanner. However, with continuous and prolonged unprotected sun exposure, you may start developing dark spots.

Pollution

You must know by now how horrible pollution is for your lungs. But do you know that it also causes negative effects on your skin?

If you are constantly exposed to polluted air, its particles and gasses may penetrate your skin. After a while, they can accumulate under your skin and form brown spots. Most of the time, discoloration caused by pollution appears on the face.

Intake of Certain Foods and Drinks

There are certain types of foods and drinks that may have negative effects on your skin. Here are some of the things that you should avoid drinking and eating to keep your skin healthy:

  • Alcohol: This drink has a diuretic effect and will suck out moisture from your skin. Additionally, alcohol can dilate your blood vessels, leaving you with flushed skin.
  • Sugary Food: People who are prone to inflammation should limit the amount of sugary food they eat. Intaking excess sugar can cause inflammation in the body and may even worsen various skin conditions, such as acne and eczema.
  • Fried Food: Although extremely delicious, fried food can harm your complexion. The trans fats present in fried dishes can cause inflammation and uneven skin tone.
  • Dairy: Food and drinks with dairy—specifically cow’s milk—can worsen skin conditions that involve tissue inflammation. This means that if you are experiencing skin inflammation problems, including acne, you should stay away from dairy.
  • Spicy Food: If you have rosacea, you should definitely avoid spicy dishes. This type of food makes your blood vessels dilate and cause your skin to become flushed. You may also experience a flare-up after eating spicy food.
  • Processed Food: Similar to fried dishes, highly processed foods contain trans fats that can cause inflammation, making your acne or rosacea worse.

Lack of Sleep

Not getting enough sleep does not only leave you tired all day. It also affects your skin’s moisture and pH level, leaving it looking dull and fatigued.

When you do not get an appropriate amount of sleep, your skin becomes drier and more uneven. Specifically, you may experience redness and breakouts. You may also start to develop dark circles around your eyes if you do not get enough sleep.

Internal Causes

Aside from external causes, there are also internal factors that may cause uneven skin tone. Most of the time, you don’t have much control over the following issues:

Hormonal Changes

Changes in the levels of estrogen and progesterone in the body can cause a kind of hyperpigmentation called melasma or chloasma.

When the body has an increased amount of estrogen and progesterone, it starts the overproduction of melanin. Because of this, people who are exposed to the sun are more prone to developing dark patches on their faces.

Aging

As you grow older, your skin ages with you. One thing that happens to your skin as you age is that the number of melanocytes or melanin-producing cells decreases. Then the remaining ones increase in size and become more concentrated on certain areas. This is how you develop age spots.

Additionally, your sebaceous glands do not produce as much oil for your skin as you grow older. Because of this, your skin has more difficulty keeping moisture inside. This causes dryness, itchiness, and loss of elasticity.

vitiligo genetic uneven skin

Genetics

Sometimes, your uneven skin tone is caused by your genetics. You may have one of the following hereditary skin pigmentation disorders:

  • Melasma
  • Post-inflammatory hyper- or hypopigmentation (PIH)
  • Vitiligo

Underlying Health Problems

Hyperpigmentation can also be a symptom of another health issue. If you suffer from any of the following, then you might experience uneven skin tone as an effect:

  • Autoimmune disease
  • Gastrointestinal disease
  • Metabolic disorder
  • Vitamin deficiency

Uneven skin tone can also be caused by medications used to treat various illnesses. Chemotherapy drugs, antimalarials, antibiotics, and anti-seizure drugs are some of the medicines that are known to cause skin tone unevenness.

How to Repair Uneven Skin Tone

Having an uneven skin tone may not be pleasant. Luckily, there are various uneven skin tone products, treatments, and remedies that you can use and do.

Lifestyle Changes

After seeing how some of the activities you do and the food you eat can cause uneven skin tone on your body and face, you might have considered applying some changes to your lifestyle. Here are some things you can do to keep your skin healthy:

Stay Hydrated

Drinking enough water will keep your skin and body hydrated. In turn, your skin will be able to keep its elasticity, preventing you from developing fine lines and wrinkles. You will also be less likely to form scars if you even get a wound.

You should also remember to hydrate your skin from the outside. You can accomplish this by applying moisturizer daily. Not only can this habit help you prevent dryness, but it can also allow you to resolve redness and avoid skin irritation and clogged pores.

Avoid Particular Foods and Drinks

As discussed above, certain types of foods and drinks negatively affect your skin. To avoid this, you should limit your intake of the following:

  • Alcohol
  • Sugary food
  • Processed food
  • Fried food
  • Dairy
  • Spicy food

green tea good for skin

Eat Healthy Foods

In addition to avoiding particular foods and drinks, you should start eating healthy. The following foods can help you address your uneven skin tone:

  • Green Tea: Green tea has amazing antioxidant properties that can help reduce your skin inflammation, irritation, and redness. It can also reduce any visible effects aging has contributed to your skin.
  • Green Vegetables: You might know that green vegetables are good for your health. But did you know that they are great for your skin as well? Green vegetables are rich in vitamin A, a nutrient that helps slow down the production of sebum. This type of food is also high in beta-carotene—a kind of antioxidant effective in renewing and repairing the skin.
  • Citrus: Citrus fruits have vitamin C, which is great for preventing pigmentation and photodamage caused by UV light. Some may also contain lycopene, an antioxidant that can fight free radicals in your skin.

Use Sunscreen

The sun’s UV rays have harmful effects on your skin. To avoid too much damage, you should regularly apply a high-quality facial day cream and body lotion with SPF.

Aside from helping you avoid redness and peeling caused by sunburns, using sunscreen will allow you to prevent the appearance of sunspots. Just make sure to wear sunscreen every day and reapply it every few hours.

Exfoliate

Before using any cleansers, lotions, or serums for uneven skin tone, you need to exfoliate. Doing so will allow you to get rid of dead skin cells on the surface of your skin and help your products seep into your skin much easier.

There are many ways to exfoliate your skin. One thing you can do is to use a whitening exfoliating soap, which can help you remove any impurities from your skin. You can also use a body scrub infused with Glutathione, vitamin C, and Papaya enzymes. Just remember to exfoliate gently and not too frequently to avoid disrupting your skin’s balance.

Get Enough Sleep

Since suffering from lack of sleep causes skin dryness, breakouts, and dark circles, you should start fixing your sleep schedule. Getting enough sleep regularly will drastically improve how your skin looks and help you achieve a natural glow.

Use Appropriate Products

Supplement your healthy lifestyle with products that can help you treat your uneven skin tone. You should use items that have the following as their main ingredient:

Vitamin C

This nutrient is essential in promoting the production of collagen in your body. When you use skin care products infused with vitamin C, you will have more chances of reducing your fine lines and achieving glowing, youthful skin.

Vitamin C is also a powerful antioxidant. It helps your body in fighting off free radicals, which can damage your skin tissue.

Niacin

Also known as a variety of vitamin B3, niacin is a nutrient that can help protect your skin cells from sun damage. It can also improve your complexion, reduce your wrinkles and fine lines, and repair your uneven skin tone.

Witch Hazel

Witch hazel is derived from a plant and provides various benefits to your skin. Using products with witch hazel on your skin can help you:

  • Relieve inflammation
  • Reduce irritation
  • Decrease redness
  • Treat acne

Witch hazel is great for addressing various skin issues. However, it may worsen dryness or cause irritation for people with dry or sensitive skin. That is why you need to be cautious in using witch hazel. You should also test if this ingredient is right for you by doing a skin patch test.

Kojic Acid

This ingredient is present in various whitening skin care products, and for good reasons. Kojic acid has great antioxidant properties that can fade dark spots and brighten your skin.

Additionally, kojic acid has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. This means that you can use products with kojic acid to treat your bacterial acne.

Medical Procedures

If you feel like changing your lifestyle and using appropriate skin care products is not enough to repair your uneven skin tone, maybe you need to undergo some medical procedures. Here are some of the procedures you can have:

Laser Treatment

Dermatologists use laser treatments to help people with uneven skin tones. This procedure can address various skin tone issues, such as the following:

  • Sunspots
  • Melasma
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Clinical-Strength Peels

Another treatment you can choose is a clinical-strength peel, which comes in three levels (light, medium, and deep). It is a highly effective treatment that will easily address the sun damage, acne scars, fine lines, and rough texture on your skin.

This procedure uses a chemical solution to exfoliate and peel your skin. The recovery time for each session may take between a few days to up to two weeks, so make sure that you do not have anything coming up before getting a clinical-strength peel.

Microdermabrasion

If you are dealing with light scarring, sun damage, and discoloration, one procedure you can get done is microdermabrasion. In this treatment, a professional carefully and precisely uses a wand with fine crystals to exfoliate and remove the top layer of your skin.

This procedure helps you get rid of your skin’s damaged outer layer and leaves you with much younger looking skin. Additionally, microdermabrasion thickens the collagen in your skin, which then provides you with supple skin.

Everybody wants to have a beautiful complexion that they can flaunt anytime. To achieve this, it is best to switch to a better lifestyle to provide your skin with the appropriate nutrients from the inside. You can also use high-quality skin care products to supplement your healthy way of life.

Learn more about the skin care products you can use to treat uneven skin tone by reaching out to us.

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