Sun Safety: 5 Effects of the Sun on Skin
Many of us have a love-hate relationship with summer – not just because of the heat, but because of the damage it can do to our skin. Learn more about the sun’s effects on your skin and how Gluta-C lotion can help protect you from the summer sun.
The five effects of the sun on your skin
Sun exposure in the form of ultraviolet (UV) rays is responsible for most of the skin changes that we think (quite wrongly) are part of the natural aging process.
UV rays are emitted at different wavelengths and are called UVA, UVB, UVC.
UVB rays reach earth and can penetrate the epidermis, the skin’s outermost layer. UVA rays, which have longer wavelengths than UVB, penetrate the skin’s dermis, the skin’s middle layer. UVC rays are absorbed by the ozone layer and do not reach the Earth.
Exposure to UV rays may be responsible for up to 80 percent of the skin’s premature aging process called photoaging. Photoaging causes collagen and elastin to break down and prevents new collagen from forming. Without collagen and elastin, the skin loses firmness, elasticity, and its natural supple texture.
Here’s what you need to know. Medium to long-term exposure to the sun’s UV rays can cause these five main effects on the skin:
- Loss of hydration – drier skin
- Changes in skin texture – rough, “leathery” skin
- Premature fine lines – crow’s feet; wrinkles on the forehead, around the eyes, and mouth
- Loss of skin elasticity – thinner, sagging skin
- Dark skin discoloration (melasma, or sunspots) and changes in skin tone
UV rays are also the cause of sunburn (a sign of short-term UV overexposure). In some cases, repeated, long-term overexposure to UV rays can lead to skin cancer.
Protect your skin against signs of aging
So how does one slow down photo-aging and other harmful effects of sun exposure? Simple: limit exposure to the sun’s UV rays.
Here are our tips to protect against sun damage, premature wrinkling, and other forms of oxidative stress.
- Consume fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C. Eat plenty of oranges, strawberries, kiwifruit, mangoes, guava, papaya, and pomelo, as well as bell peppers, broccoli, tomato, kale, snow-peas, and chili pepper.
- Drink lots of water – between 8 to 12 glasses a day – to flush away toxins and keep skin moist and plump.
- Reduce exposure to pollution, stress, and cigarettes. Meditate, get plenty of exercise, and enough sleep every night.
- Most importantly: take care of your skin by protecting it against overexposure to the sun. Avoid full-on sun exposure between 11 am – 3 pm without sun protection. Use Gluta-C vitamin C lotion with Dual Antioxidant Defense has SPF25 to give your skin all-day protection against UV damage.
The SPF in Gluta-C’s lotion creates a double whitening activity; skin pigmentation is reduced from the inside while the skin gets outside protection from the sun. This leave-on product provides continued protection throughout the day… and hey! It’s non-greasy best for hot humid days!